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Orbital Hybridization

Orbital Hybridization

Orbital Hybridization   Orbital hybridization controls the local geometry around an atom. More than any other factor, the hybridization state of electron orbitals is responsible for the shape of molecules.   Solitary atoms undergo orbital hybridization under the influence of interactions with other atoms. This allows orbitals with different energies…

Polar Molecule and Nonpolar Molecule

Polar Molecule and Nonpolar Molecule

The difference between a polar molecule and a nonpolar molecule depends on molecular geometry. Polar Bonds   Polar result when two different elements share electrons and form a covalent bond. Each element has a characteristic electronegativity. A more electronegative element has a stronger attraction for electrons it shares in a…

Electronegativity and Polarity

Bond polarity comes from different elements having different electronegativity; the innate ability to attract electrons within a covalent bond. Electronegativity   Each element has a value for electronegativity to compare how two atoms distribute negative charge when they share electrons.   Electronegativity Property of Atoms       Electronegativity expresses…